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Elect of God LXX

Elect of God: LXX

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Old Testament

And unless the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh would be saved;
but for the elect’s sake,
 whom He chose,
He shortened the days.

Mark 13:20

[dropcap class="article-dropcap"]A[/dropcap]t the close of the article on the word study of G1586, the author callously left us hanging in suspense by raising an unanswered question regarding the identity of the elect in the above passage.  We will now return to the question by surveying the Greek adjective, which we recall was derived from the verb form which was translated "chose" in the above verse.  The adjective is the second in our list of words related to the concept of election.

G1586       eklegomai: Verb; A deliberate selection for a distinct purpose.
G1588      eklektos: Adjective, derived from G1586; The chosen, select, elect.
G1589       eklogē: Noun, derived from G1586; The choice, selection.

Every occurrence of 'elect' in the New Testament (KJV, NJKV, ESV, NASB) was translated from this adjective, so it is clearly an important word with regards to the doctrine of election.  Therefore, it is critical that we accurately grasp the meaning of this word if we are to begin to correctly understand the ways of God towards His people with regards to the doctrine of election.

[dropcap class="article-dropcap"]T[/dropcap]his article will focus on the use of the G1588 in the Greek translation of the Old Testament (the LXX).  There are a dauntingly large number of passages available to discuss, for the word appeared about 82 times in the LXX.  Exploring the detail of each and every context is beyond the scope of this book and probably beyond our level of endurance.  We will look at a summary of how the word was used, knowing that an appendix is provided which lists every occurrence for those who want to dig a little deeper.

G1588: Elect, choice

[dropcap class="article-dropcap"]A[/dropcap]s with the verb form, G1586, so this word, G1588, was used across a broad spectrum of contexts in the LXX.  In the same way that G1586 (verb) was used to speak of the choosing of a wide variety of things, so G1588 (adjective) was used as a descriptor of a wide variety of things.  Examples of items described by G1588 include tombs, offerings, livestock, trees, soldiers, along with many other items.

We can divide the occurrences of G1588 within the LXX into three groups, for the adjective has three nuances which have distinct, yet related meanings.  As we look at each nuance, we will use an illustration to breathe life into the meaning, then review a sample of scripture texts containing examples.  The appendix mentioned above is also broken down into the same three categories of nuance.